The deal represented a significant political reversal for Netanyahu, who had long pushed for an increase in settlements in the occupied West Bank in a bid to annex the region. Netanyahu has come under political pressure to be flexible, as three of the last elections gave him only a majority in a coalition government and he was prosecuted in 2021. In 2019, the Trump administration reversed decades of U.S. policy by declaring that settlements in the West Bank did not violate international law, a move that threatened the two-state solution long seen as the key to lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians. The Trump administration`s Middle East policy, drafted by senior presidential adviser Jared Kushner and released in January 2020, endorsed Netanyahu`s plan to annex existing settlements. After Yousef Al Otaiba, the UAE`s ambassador to the United States, wrote an opinion piece in June 2020 warning that annexation would jeopardize better relations between Israel and the Arab world, Kushner saw an opportunity and intervened to facilitate the talks. After negotiators reached an agreement, Trump, Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed held a conference call immediately before an official announcement.      The contract was signed on September 15, 2020. The treaty recognizes the sovereignty of each state, obliges the two states to exchange ambassadors and conclude bilateral agreements on various issues, including visa agreements, and enters into force upon ratification.
 The agreement was ratified by the Israeli government on October 12 and ratified by the Knesset on October 15. The Assembly of the Representatives of the Tunisian People criticized the agreement, saying it was in solidarity with the Palestinian cause.  Protests were organized by dozens of people outside the UAE embassy in Tunis, with people burning Israeli flags and photos of UAE President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan while supporting the Palestinian cause for independence.  Tunisian President Kais Saied later said tunisia would not interfere with or oppose the deal, but that it stood with the Palestinians.  “Israel occupies our land. Israel continues to build settlements in our villages, to destroy our homes. and yet, it is we who must treat Israel better? Who should do what to whom? They occupied as occupants? ” said Nabil Shaath, an adviser to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. Prime Minister Netanyahu said there was “no change” to his plans to annex parts of the West Bank if approved by the United States, but added that they would be temporarily suspended.
 Before the deal, the proposed annex of 30 percent of the West Bank had already been put on hold, as a majority of Israelis and government coalition partner Benny Gantz had rejected the plan. Hundreds of thousands of Israeli settlers live in the areas, in addition to palestinians who were in practice under Israeli control.  A3: Probably not so close. The Saud family has had a special relationship with the clerical establishment since 1744, and many of these clerics would criticize what they see as a task of Palestine. Saudi Arabia is also the site of Islam`s two holiest mosques (the third holiest is located in Jerusalem), and it sees a special role for itself to lead the Muslim world. Many Muslims continue to feel emotionally and morally connected to the Palestinian cause, even though some governments are fed up. I would expect them to move slowly. News International reported that after consultations and after examining the pros and cons of development in relation to Pakistan`s national interests, Pakistan will take a stand on the agreement between Israel and the UAE. Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi avoided commenting on the sensitive issue.
 Despite the apparently Israeli promise to stop the annexation, the Palestinian leadership rejected the agreement and recalled its ambassador from Abu Dhabi. From the perspective of the Palestinians and their supporters, the deal reflects the bad faith of Israel, the UAE and the US, as the Israelis and Emiratis had already normalised their relations before the Abraham Accords. Interestingly, unlike previous peace treaties – such as the 1994 treaty signed between Israel and Jordan, which was not linked to Israeli actions or inaction on the Palestinian issue – the agreement between Israel and the UAE is linked to the latter by obliging Israel to refrain from any annexation measures. The agreement jointly announced by Israel, the United Arab Emirates and the United States is significant. The EMIRATI Foreign Ministry spokesman said it was time for the “region to demonstrate its ability to solve problems together” and that “the lack of communication with Israel has created a dead end.” The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps warned the UAE that this would have dangerous implications for the deal. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani called the deal a “big mistake” and warned the UAE against allowing Israel a secure presence in the Gulf. Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif called it a betrayal of Arab and non-Arab countries in the Middle East. A group of less than 100 protesters gathered outside the UAE embassy in Tehran on August 15, chanting “Death to America” and “Death to Israel.” Protesters also burned Israel`s flag.  The conservative Kayhan newspaper, whose editor is appointed by Iran`s Supreme Leader, warned that the deal had made the UAE a “legitimate and easy target.”  Amira Hass wrote that the agreement was the result of the Palestinian Authority`s continued neglect in its relations with the United Arab Emirates.
According to Hass, diplomatic relations were severed by the PLO in 2012 to reject the UAE`s good relations with Mohammed Dahlan, the political enemy of PLO President Mahmoud Abbas. The ANP`s hostility towards the UAE continued until June 2020, when the PLO refused assistance sent by the UAE during the COVID-19 pandemic on the grounds that it had been sent without prior consent and through an Israeli airport. The hatred is manifested by a PLO that is more concerned with domestic politics than governance, contributing to economic decline and the strain on foreign relations.  Malaysia said the agreement was a sovereign right of the UAE, but that it would continue to support Israel`s withdrawal from the Palestinian territories.  The Philippine Department of State issued a statement welcoming the agreement in the hope that it would contribute to peace and security in the Middle East.  Yousef Al Otaiba, the Emirati ambassador to the United States, issued a statement on August 13 praising the agreement as “a victory for diplomacy and for the region” and adding how it “reduces tensions and creates new energy for positive change.”   ESTRIN: “You were all only in an Arab country, not in Las Vegas. Look at what`s happening here – disgusting. A Jewish man shouts in return, don`t generalize. .